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 Joint Base Lewis-McChord

 

Fire and Emergency Services

Fire protection at Joint Base Lewis-McChord is the responsibility of the members of the Joint Base Lewis-McChord Fire & Emergency Services. Started in September 1917, the 89 member force operates from seven strategically placed stations; responsible for providing fire, rescue, BLS, ALS, Wildland, Hazardous Materials services to the populated area including 20 miles of U.S. Interstate 5 and Highway 507. They respond to over 3500 calls a year. The department maintains mutual-aid agreements with many of the local Pierce County fire departments.
 

Station 101 serves as the headquarters for the administrative staff as well it is home to the dispatch center for the department. It houses Truck 101 and Sprint 101. As well as the Medical Services Officer (MSO), Deputy Fire Chief, and Fire Chief.

Station 102 is located on Gray Army Airfield and operates four pieces of apparatus. Engine 102, Crash 1021, Crash 1022, and Battalion 102.

Station 103 is located near Madigan Hospital houses Engine 103. 

Station 104 is located on the north side of JBLM. This station houses Engine 104, Rescue 104, and Battalion 104.

Station 105 is located on McChord Field, This station houses Engine 105, Rescue 105, HazMat 105, Crash 1051, Crash 1052, Crash 1053, Battalion 103 and Chief 101.

Station 106 is located in the housing area of McChord. This station houses Engine 106.

Station 107 houses the Lewis-McChord Prevention Branch, an award winning prevention team recognized by the Department of the Army.  Staffed by 10 prevention personnel to provide fire safety training and inspections for the community of Joint Base Lewis-McChord.

History

Fort Lewis, named after Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark expedition, is one of the largest and most modern military reservations in the United States. Consisting of 87,000 acres (350 km²) of prairie land cut from the glacier-flattened Nisqually Plain, it is the premier military installation in the northwest and is the most requested duty station in the army.[1] Fort Lewis began as Camp Lewis in 1917 when the citizens of Pierce County voted by an eight to one margin to bond themselves for $2 million to buy 68,721 acres (278 km²) of land. They donated the land to the federal government for military use. The only stipulation was that the tract be used as a permanent army post. Captain David L. Stone and his staff arrived at the camp site May 26, 1917, and a few days later the initial construction began. The entire camp was ready for occupancy a month ahead of schedule. In 90 days, Stone had supervised the construction of a "city" of 757 buildings and 422 other structures, all lighted and heated for 60,000 men. The first recruits moved into their new barracks on September 5, 1917, exactly two months after the post building plan had been handed to the contractors.

When they implemented auction of the new cantonment, workmen subscribed $4,000 to build the main gate - which is still standing. The arch was built of fieldstone and squared logs resembling the old blockhouses which stood in the northwest as forts. Some 60,000 men, including the 91st Division, moved into the hastily constructed cantonment to train for World War I. Recruited largely from the northwest, the 91st was considered "Washington's Own." In 1917, Pierce County, through the process of condemnation proceedings (eminent domain), took 3,370 acres (13.6 km2) of the Nisqually Indian Reservation (14 km²) for the Fort Lewis Military Reserve.

The following two years saw tremendous activity at Camp Lewis as men mobilized and trained for war service. Thousands of the nation's youth learned to know Camp Lewis and the state of Washington. With the conclusion of the war, activities at Lewis ground to a standstill. Camp Lewis passed from the hands of Pierce County and became the property of the federal government when the deed for 62,432 acres (253 km²) was recorded in the county auditor's office in Tacoma.

Brigadier General David L. Stone, who had supervised the original construction of Fort Lewis as a captain, returned as its commanding general in 1936, serving until 1937. The project of constructing an army airfield, which later became McChord Air Force Base, directly north of the Fort Lewis installation, received approval as a WPA project in January 1938, and $61,730 was allocated for construction. The allocation provided for clearing, grading, and leveling a runway 6,000 feet (1,800 m) long by 600 feet (180 m) wide.

At the conclusion of World War II, the northwest staging area of Fort Lewis became a separation center and discharged its first soldiers in November 1945. With the departure of the 4th Infantry Division for Vietnam in 1966, Fort Lewis once again became a personnel transfer and training center. In 1972, the 9th Infantry was reactivated.

The Fort Lewis Military Museum was established in 1972 to preserve and document the post's history.

JBLM Main & JBLM North

JBLM has more than 25,000 soldiers and civilian workers. The post supports over 120,000 military retirees and more than 29,000 family members living both on and off post. Fort Lewis proper contains 86,000 acres (350 km²); the Yakima Training Center covers 324,000 acres (1,310 km²).

JBLM Main & North have abundant high-quality, close-in training areas, including 115 live fire ranges. Additional training space is available at the Yakima Training Center in eastern Washington, including maneuver areas and additional live fire ranges.

In 2009, the former Fort Lewis Regional Correction Facility was remodeled and renamed the Northwest Joint Regional Correctional Facility (NWJRCF). The facility houses minimum and medium security prisoners from all branches of the U.S. Armed Forces.[2]

During the summer months (June, July, August), JBLM North hosts the Leader Development and Assessment Course, a capstone program for the U.S. Army's ROTC program.

Also adjacent to the post is Camp Murray (Washington National Guard).

JBLM McChord Field

Located adjacent to Lakewood, Washington and Parkland, Washington, JBLM McChord Field is home to the 62nd Airlift wing and a C-17 transport fleet. It was named in honor of Colonel William Caldwell McChord, former Chief of the Training and Operations Division in HQ Army Air Corps and started off as the Army airfield of Fort Lewis.

Madigan Army Medical Center

Soldiers receive medical care through Madigan Army Medical Center.

Geography

Fort Lewis is located at 47°6′52″N 122°33′53″W? / ?47.11444°N 122.56472°W? / 47.11444; -122.56472 (47.114369, -122.564587).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41.2 km²), of which, 15.3 square miles (39.6 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²) of it is water. The total area is 3.78% water. The military base is, as previously stated, much larger than the CDP defined by the Census Bureau.

Fort Lewis' terrain is primarily a mixture of dense woods and open prairie land, with Scotch Broom and undulating rocky terrain common. Poison-oak, ivy, and sumac are found in the training areas. Canada Thistle grows thickly in some areas. All trees are to be left standing; post policy prohibits cutting or trimming them.

The temperatures during summer vary from the mid 40s at night to the high 80s during the day, occasionally peaking over 100 °F (38 °C). Humidity varies from day to day and frequent precipitation occurs overnight. Although July and August are usually "dry" months, it is not unusual for moderate rainfall to occur.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  
1980 23,761  
1990 22,224   −6.5%
2000 19,089   −14.1%
Est. 2008 19,000   −0.5%

As of the census[5] of 2000, there are 19,089 people, 3,476 households, and 3,399 families residing on the base. The population density is 1,248.5 people per square mile (482.0/km²). There are 3,560 housing units at an average density of 232.8/sq mi (89.9/km²). The racial makeup of the base is 60.44% White, 20.34% African American, 1.36% Native American, 3.41% Asian, 1.79% Pacific Islander, 6.23% from other races, and 6.44% from two or more races. 13.13% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 3,476 households out of which 85.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 89.3% are married couples living together, 6.6% have a female householder with no husband present, and 2.2% are non-families. 2.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 0.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.75 and the average family size is 3.78.

The age distribution is 32.1% under the age of 18, 28.0% from 18 to 24, 37.5% from 25 to 44, 2.0% from 45 to 64, and 0.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 22 years. For every 100 females there are 168.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 212.5 males. All these statistics are typical for military bases.

The median income for a household on the base is $32,384, and the median income for a family is $32,251. Males have a median income of $20,878 versus $20,086 for females. The per capita income for the base is $12,865. 8.2% of the population and 7.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.7% of those under the age of 18 and 0.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

 

 




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